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Various Reasons Feet Can Swell

Tuesday, 31 October 2023 00:00

Swollen feet, also known as edema, is a common condition that can affect individuals of all ages. This ailment presents as an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the feet and ankles, causing them to appear larger than usual and often accompanied by discomfort. There are numerous reasons why feet may become swollen, ranging from minor to more serious causes. Among the most common triggers are prolonged sitting or standing, particularly in hot weather, which can lead to fluid retention. High salt intake, obesity, and certain medications can exacerbate this effect. Injuries and strains, such as a twisted ankle, may also result in localized swelling. Underlying health conditions, such as heart, kidney, or liver disease, can contribute to generalized edema throughout the body, including the feet. Furthermore, issues like deep vein thrombosis and lymphedema can cause foot swelling. Pregnancy, too, often leads to edema due to hormonal changes and increased blood volume. It is important to differentiate the cause of swollen feet, as some instances can indicate underlying health problems. If you have swollen feet, it is suggested that you confer with a podiatrist who can help you determine the cause and offer effective relief options.

Swollen feet can be a sign of an underlying condition. If you have any concerns, contact Dr. Robert Graser of Graser Podiatry and Bunion Surgery Institute. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Swollen feet are a common ailment among pregnant women and people who stand or sit for extended periods. Aging may increase the possibility of swollen feet and patients who are obese often notice when their feet are swelling too. There may be medical reasons why swollen feet occur:

  • Phlebitis - A condition that causes the veins to become inflamed and can also cause leg pain.
  • Liver disease - This may lead to low blood levels of albumin which is a protein. This can cause fluid in the blood to pass into the tissues and several areas of the body can become swollen.
  • Heart failure - When the heart doesn’t pump properly the blood that is normally pumped back to the heart can pool in the veins of the legs causing swollen feet.
  • Kidney disease - One of the main functions of the kidneys is releasing excess fluid in the body. This type of condition can make it difficult for the kidneys to function properly, and as a result the feet may become swollen.
  • Deep-vein thrombosis (DVT)- This is a serious condition where blood clots form in the veins of the legs. They can block the return of blood from the legs to the heart which may cause the feet to swell. It is important to be treated by a podiatrist if this condition is present.

Swollen feet can also be caused by bone and tendon conditions, including fractures, arthritis, and tendinitis. Additionally, there may be skin and toenail conditions and an infection may cause the feet to swell. Patients who take medicine to treat high blood pressure may be prone to getting swollen feet. 

Many patients elevate their feet to help relieve the swelling and this is generally a temporary remedy. When a podiatrist is consulted the reason behind the swelling can be uncovered and subsequently treated.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Boerne, . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.


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